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HomeMyopia ResourcesReview of Myopia ManagementImplications of the Public Health Burden of Myopia and High Myopia

Implications of the Public Health Burden of Myopia and High Myopia

Tim Fricke, BOptom, MSc
Brien Holden Vision Institute

Eye care practitioners see the burden of myopia in individuals every day: patients worrying about refractive changes; patients needing to update glasses and/or contact lenses to recover vision lost to myopia progression; patients with myopia-associated pathology and/or vision loss from those conditions; parents who worry about their children becoming myopic and progressing to higher levels of myopia, etc.

These personal burdens also have some community-level implications via their effect on health expenditure, quality of life and productivity.

However, the significant public health implications of myopia and high myopia are ones that clinical eye care practitioners do not see every day because they are in people who do not access eye care.

However, the significant public health implications of myopia and high myopia are ones that clinical eye care practitioners do not see every day because they are in people who do not access eye care.

Vision impairment is associated with profound changes in quality of life and productivity.1-6 There are two main ways myopia can cause vision impairment, each of which can happen between regular visits to an eye care practitioner but are more common in people who never, or irregularly, attend for eye care.